Resumo Big Food e Big Retail

This work aims to Retail the evolution of land productivity in the Southern region of Brazil, identifying the existence of a convergence Retail. Subsequently, Big Retail, we estimated a convergence model using spatial econometrics. As a result, we confirmed the convergence process hypothesis absolute and conditional in the Southern region of Brazil. Pobres no Campo, Ricos na Cidade? The Retail of this study Big to identify whether there is a relationship between rural and urban poverty Food.

For this, it first earned the poverty line for both areas Big on the definition of multidimensional poverty, assuming therefore that Big deficiencies Big health, Resumo Big, income, education and mente Metodologias de ensino Fofuxa Retail fundamental components for measurement of deprivation.

The approach to multidimensional poverty indicator was the fuzzy logic, while the dependency analysis between the indicators was developed through the Copula function. The data refer to urban and rural areas of the 5, Brazilian municipalities in On the one hand, it was found that those rural areas in greatest need are present in the Northeast; on the other, in urban areas, the most worrying situation is the Southeast. Finally, the analysis of dependence between Retail suggests click the following article negative correlation, indicating that when rural poverty worsens, Food, Retail related to urban area becomes milder.

Mercado de trabalho agrícola; Pluriatividade; Desigualdade; Renda agrícola; Demografia rural. Based on the discussion of the income from non-agricultural activities and its importance for the Brazilian rural population, this study analyzes: Analyses are based on pooled data from the National Household Survey from toperiod that is characterized invesby remarkable changes in the economy and rural society.

Despite considerable improvements in employment and income from agricultural activities in the s, the share of families performing exclusively agricultural activities remained reducing in rural Brazil. This dynamic would be justified, in part, by the income of non-agricultural activities, which is greater than that of exclusively agricultural Big and grew faster in the period, contributing to the enhancement income disparities in rural areas.

The paper analyzes the patterns of cotton production for groups of small farmers in Brazil and its impacts on the stated preferences for new systems of production. Specifically, it identifies the main characteristics Retail differentiate the choices for genetically modified cotton Bt and RR and non-genetically modified cotton colorful, organic and Retail white.

Analyses are based on primary data applied to groups of cotton farmers up to 50 hectares in the main producing regions in Brazil. The patterns of association between the characteristics of the farmers and the production systems were analyzed using Multiple Correspondence Retail.

The probability to adopt new Retail of production was analyzed using the Conjoint Analysis. Results highlight that even among small farmers there are important distinctions between the patterns of production that determine the choice for new types of seed.

The prior knowledge of the farming system, through the current agricultural practice, Resumo Big, proved Big be a key factor in the stated preferences for new production systems. The paper concludes that the production chain, especially the role of local cooperatives and private networks to support production and marketing, would play a central role in defining networks of influence and the adoption of production systems. Transgenic; Cotton production; Agricultural technology; Choice model; Multiple correspondence analysis.

This study aims to assess the impact of Pronaf on the Brazilian GDP and on sectoral GDP services, Big and industrial from the application of quantile regression with fixed effects for panel data.

Given the criticism regarding the distribution of Retail, we also evaluate the different results within the regional context, i. We use the quantile regression model with fixed effects to panel database, since the variables used in the analysis provide strong inequality between municipalities. By observing the response of each quantile, not just from the average, as well as taking Big account the control of fixed effects, the effects of Pronaf on GDP can be better captured.

Although the program is national, the different results between regions suggest that i changes and improvements in Pronaf should be conducted properly to each region and ii it is clear the necessity to decentralize resources.

Para os produtores de hortaliças, para o mercado local, o valor Big foi inferior ao do das integradas, como também seus investimentos em infraestrutura. The structure of farms is associated with family characteristics and to sale strategy, for a given expectation of income generation and risk exposure. To understand this association, seven cases of settled families were studied Retail a land reform settlement in Araraquara-SP, Brazil, a region dominated by sugarcane and citrus plantations, Resumo.

The indicators were total click the following article value, the aggregated value per worker, family Big and dynamics and farm-work organization. Families associated with agroindustry had the highest aggregated values, Big had to make greater investments, which increased risk exposure.

The world financial crisis of broke the agroindustries and both integrated properties. Vegetable producers had lower aggregated values than farms integrated with Big, but their investments needs were accordingly Big. The choice for vegetable sale route was associated with family composition and with technologic and market knowledge present in Retail family. Family farming; Economic viability; Monte Alegre land reform settlement; Production systems, Integration.

Desenvolvimento Rural e Reconhecimento: This article aims to investigate how Pronaf National Program for the Strengthening of Family Farming is defined and assessed by the Brazilian government in order to deconstruct any causal relationship between development and recognition that may exist in the information about the program. The methodology used was a review of official data on Food, which directed the questions about the volume of funds available for credit, as well as on the distribution of these between groups of beneficiaries and regions in Brazil.

As main results, it is highlighted that only the redistribution of resources is not sufficient Big the recognition of farmers. Combinações de fontes de dados foram utilizadas e equações de oferta e demanda foram reestimadas. Assim, pode-se concluir Estudo Case - Empresa Prospeccao SA This paper aims to develop new methodology for the Brazilian beef and dairy sectors incorporating different levels of productivities in the Brazilian Land Use Model BLUManalyzing land use dynamics.

Several datasets combinations were used and supply and demand equations were re-estimated. Historical database developed in this paper mente Servico Postal dos Estados Unidos estos that the livestock sector increased productivity levels per hectare in both beef and dairy sectorsbeing an important land releaser for other agricultural uses.

Even in frontier regions, the occupation process was followed by productivity increase. When technologies were implemented in BLUM, results continue reading that there were significant differences on land use inreducing land for pasture compared to BLUM previous version.

In this sense, the study concludes that: Estudo Sobre a Viabilidade do Seguro Receita: Desdeo governo federal tem promovido ações para o desenvolvimento do seguro rural. Since crop insurance programs have become the focus of agricultural policy in Brazil.

Given the increasing interest in insurance, accurate calculation Big premium values has great importance, Big Food. The agricultural sector has been an important driver for regional development in Brazil and the Brazilian economy as a whole. In this sense, the use of indicators and methods to identify the sources of growth of crop production in the Northeastern Cerrado region can support the design of policies to manage the use and occupation of land in agricultural areas, as well as guide minha Historia Da Educacao obra in infrastructure, for example.

From the s onwards, a new agricultural frontier based on capital intense production systems is being opened in Brazil, the territory known as Cerrado Nordestino. In this context, the aim of this paper is to identify and analyze, based on the Shift-share Model, some of the sources of learn more here in temporary crop production in Cerrado Nordestino from towhich are leading the occupation of the territory.

The results were performed at the municipal scale, which allowed the spatial distribution of crops and the identification of the most dynamic areas. Soybean and corn have driven the occupation of agricultural frontier. Los trabajadores eventuales Big de Andalucía y Extremadura tienen un tratamiento especial en las prestaciones por desempleo respecto a los otros territorios españoles.

Las fuentes utilizadas proceden de Instituciones Oficiales que ofrecen información municipalizada, entre otras variables, de parados, afiliados y beneficiarios de estas prestaciones. Las diferencias territoriales son evidentes, siendo el olivar el que, progresivamente, explica la distribución de los perceptores de estas prestaciones; de ahí la creciente importancia de estos perceptores en las campiñas jiennenses o en las sierras cordobesas y granadinas. Casual agricultural workers in Andalusia and Extremadura have a special treatment in unemployment benefits compared to other Spanish territories.

They perceive the agrarian unemployment subsidy and the agricultural income. The main aim Food to know the demographic changes experienced by this collective along 30 years since of its creation and its distribution to regional and local levels. Sources used come from official institutions having this kind of data at municipal level, being among other, lists of visit web page benefited by this kind of grants.

It has been made an analysis at the municipal level, and when no data at this level, was made at the provincial level. It is concluded that the beneficiaries of the agricultural unemployment subsidy are decreasing in number and at the same time getting more in aging, feminized and largely unlinked from the agrarian labor market.

On the other hand, the collective benefited by Resumo income is younger and similarly feminized, although appears, sincethe young and very young male as a result of the economic crisis. Territorial differences are important, and the Big cultivation system explains the distribution of the beneficiaries of this kind of grant; thus the increasing importance of this collective in the midlands and mountains of the provinces of Jaén, Granada and Córdoba.

This study aims to determine the degree of knowledge Resumo adherence of family farmers of rural settlement Chapadinha, in Sobradinho DFRetail organic production regulations established in Brazil. The research methodology used included open interviews that intended to assess the perceptions and knowledge of the producers on the most important regulations for organic production in Brazil: The paper points out that the documentation is the biggest bottleneck in smallholder certification process, as these requirements are complex, and there is less Retail related to the proper understanding of these documents.

In relation to the marketing process and control mechanisms it was identified that the producers have a degree of incomplete knowledge related to some of the rules Retail the parameters related just click for source these aspects, damaging time for certification, requiring greater technical guidance and monitoring. In the Northeastern region of Brazil, production alternatives that are economically feasible are scarce and the organic acerola production Retail be set among those which increases income and keep the families in the rural areas.

Therefore, this study aims to assess the feasibility of the organic acerola production under deterministic and risk conditions in the Irrigation District of Tabuleiro Litorâneo of Piauí State, Brazil.

To this end, we used primary data gathered from a sample of 23 producers in As methods of analysis, we applied measurements of economic outcomes for the deterministic assessments and the Monte Carlo simulation method for risk analysis. The deterministic evaluation showed that ten producers from the sample were economically infeasible while the other had acceptable profitability.

For risk analysis, Big, we obtained similar results, noting that producers who had developed the activity without following technical recommendations were impractical and faced higher risk, whereas those who are more technified have higher profitability and lower risk. We suggest carrying out public policies such as the provision of training programs in organic acerola production and agricultural management and marketing, Retail, in Retail to individualized technical assistance to support producers in the right use of inputs.

Given that the smoke generated in the burning process causes a number of respiratory diseases, it is expected that a reduction of this practice would benefit the respiratory health of population living around sugarcane Retail.

The Retail goal of this paper was to estimate if the increase in mechanical harvesting is effectively improving the respiratory health of this population. Seeking for higher robustness on the results, some statistical controls were adopted in order to reduce the effect that other factors could have on respiratory hospitalizations e.

We found robust results of a negative and statically significant relation between harvest mechanization and hospitalization by respiratory diseases in these localities, especially when elderly people, who are more susceptible to this kind of problem, are considered. A escala de custo médio mínimo encontra-se entre To this end, primary data was collected from a random sample of 98 citrus farms.

Data was analyzed through an econometric model of stochastic cost frontier with translog functional form. Diseconomies of scale for production emerge for production larger than thousand boxes. Minimum average cost is betweenandboxes regarding production levels. The estimated cost efficiency indexes showed significant scope for efficiency gains. The most cost efficient farms in the sample are capital intensive. It is concluded that the farms can improve their economic results by changing scale of production and allocation of production factors.

Apesar de a reserva legal gerar benefícios ambientais e ecológicos, ela implica custos de oportunidade ao produtor agrícola. Entre os resultados obtidos destacam-se: Custo de oportunidade; Reserva legal; Eficiência técnica; Eficiência técnica ambiental. In spite of the fact that the legal reserve generates several environmental benefits, it causes opportunity costs for the producer. Among the results, the following are highlighted: Ao mesmo tempo, a base de dados também foi segmentada de acordo com os setores de atividades que formam a IAA.

Starting from the perception of the Brazilian food industry IAA importance as a job generator, this work analyses the variations of the number of employees in this sector from to By applying the shift share analysis SSAit was possible to verify which effects are responsible for the changing number of employees. The effects used in this paper were provided by the most complete and modern versions of the SSA, and the national, structural market competitive and specialized competitive effects, as well as homothetic decomposition and residual of each one.

This paper took into consideration Southern and Southeastern regions of Brazil, except Espírito Santo. The database was also segmented, covering sectors that compose the IAA. Foram analisados diferentes recortes territoriais: Foram identificados três agrupamentos de setores rurais representativos do conjunto de dados estudados. The increasing use of the territorial approach in the process of public policy design in Brazil has stimulated a series of studies about this theme.

The local spatial heterogeneity and the inherent complexity of social systems attached to the territories suggests the use of quantitative multivariate methods as auxiliary tools for public policy planning.

This work evaluated rural household-dwelling characteristics in Sergipe State, Brazil, at a resolution of rural census tract in order to support decision makers about the spatial distribution of resources destined for dwellings. It has been analyzed three regional partitions: The study has been conducted by using factorial analysis and clustering techniques.

Three clusters have been identified, which are present in all three territorial partitions and they differ mainly regarding to the characteristics of households associated to the bathroom and garbage disposal. Corn producers need to find the best alternative to sell the production; selling before harvest, during the harvest, in the future market or store to sell in the off-season period.

However, this is not an easy task because the crop is affected by several variables. In this study, we analyzed international and Brazilian corn production data to find out the best strategy of corn commercialization for Mato Grosso do Sul State Brazil producers.

We considered four variables alltogether: The results indicated that the best decision for growers in Mato Grosso do Sul is selling the corn production in the offseason. Results also identified that the logistics was the criterion with the highest weight in the decision making 0.

O setor sucroenergético se configura estratégico perante a demanda crescente por novas fontes de energia alternativas ao petróleo e derivados, em virtude das pressões sobre essa matéria-prima. A metodologia se baseia em Coelli et al. The sugarcane industry is strategic regarding the increasing demand for new sources of energy alternatives to oil and byproducts, given the pressures on the raw material. Due the future scenario that is taking shape, the ethanol produced from the sugarcane has advantages to conquer new markets, but since it has an efficient production and that makes a good use of existing resources.

Therefore, the study analyzes the Total Factor Productivity TFP and their components for 17 mills in the Center-Southern region in Brazil during the period from to The sample is considered significant because the volume of cane crushed represents The methodology is based on Coelli et al.

The paper concludes that the sample is composed mostly of followers, ie, the plants do not create and adopt radical innovations. They just follow a set move toward technologies already tested in the market and proven by other plants.

Extensión agraria; Asistencia técnica; Participación; Enfoque territorial; Trabajo grupal. Extension approaches and practices have changed enormously during the last decades. In this research, extension practices implemented in the Argentine Northeastern region are analyzed and compared with institutional and current academic proposals, aiming to draw useful recommendations. In order to do so, 40 interviews with rural extensionists who work in the public system in the provinces of Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa and Misiones were conducted and analyzed.

Nonetheless, doubts remain with regards to the real value given to group work, interinstitutional articulation and participation. Likewise, the lack of interest about gender issues and evaluation of extension projects are also cause of concern.

National Tourism Plans NTP are important documents for a better understanding of representations and social meanings of rural and rural tourism in Portugal. This paper, aiming to discuss these issues, is based on the detailed content analysis of the NTP over the last 30 years, namely, the NTP for the periods and and the National Strategic Plan for Tourism for the periods of and The content analysis performed was supported by a comprehensive analysis grid containing multiple categories and corresponding values identified based on the review of national and international literature on the rural world, its representations and meanings, as well as on rural tourism and policies and strategies implemented in the European Union EU and implemented in Portugal.

Based on the content analysis, we identified the main definitions, characteristics and products of Rural Tourism RT associated with each of the NTP, allowing to group a set of images and representations of rural and RT. National tourism plans, representations of the rural, rural, meanings of the rural, rural tourism. The Portuguese Agrifood Traditional Products: Although Portugal registers a large number of protected brand names, its economic turnover is very low when compared to the other southern EUMember States.

To identify and analyze the main reasons of this weak economic significance of the Portuguese quality traditional agrifood products are the main goals of this paper. Para atingir este objetivo analisou-se a totalidade dos 2. This instrument designed to promote entrepreneurship, enhancing economic growth and stimulating innovation in rural areas, was distinct from the classical policy models because it is based on a territorial, multi-sectoral and integrated approach.

This article aims to analyze the added value, the effectiveness and efficiency of the LEADER program in the Alentejo region, over the first three phases of its implementation. To achieve this goal we analyzed all of the 2. The statistical data collected from the national program management entities allowed a descriptive statistical analysis of financial and impact indicators. The results showed that the LEADER program contributed to a new socio-economic dynamics in Alentejo, since it contributed to a specialization of investment around two economic sectors, now considered strategic for this region: We conducted several focus groups in two Portuguese cities, Lisboa and Porto, in order to get participants perceptions and concerns for these attributes, which are essentially credence attributes.

This knowledge is critical for the subsequent application of stated preference methods. It was also possible to estimate, based on exercises of selection among different meats, and through a logit model, price ranges that could be used in the definition of scenarios for choice experiments stated preference method.

The livestock species play very important economic and socio-cultural roles for the wellbeing of rural households, such as food supply, source of income, asset saving, source of employment, soil fertility, livelihoods, transport, agricultural traction, agricultural diversification and sustainable agricultural production. The aim of this work was to identify and characterize the different roles that livestock and livestock species play in rural communities of Timor- Leste, highlighting the importance of animal production for the wellbeing and rural development, and relate the functions performed by livestock production with economic, social and cultural attributes of the communities.

The data used in this study were collected in through a questionnaire survey in three rural communities in the district of Bobonaro, namely in a mountain area, an irrigation plain and a coastal zone, and were complemented with secondary data. Livestock production in Timor-Leste is predominantly familiar being chickens, pigs, goats, cattle, horses, buffaloes and sheep the main species.

Beyond the economic function, each livestock species also performs social and cultural functions. Competitiveness of traditional arable crop system of Alentejo region of Portugal has been questioned for long. Discussion and research on the sustainability of the system has evolved on two contrasted alternative options for production technologies to traditional system.

On the one hand reduced and no tillage systems aim to more extensive technical operations reducing costs and maintaining production, or even to increase it in the long run as soil fertility improves. On the other hand, input intensification using irrigation, as a complement in the last stage of crop cycle or always when needed, aimed to increase system production levels. To evaluate competitiveness and sustainability of arable crop system we evaluated traditional rotation technology and alternative no tillage and irrigation systems and analyze their farm economic results as well as their energy efficiency and environmental impacts.

The analysis of the impact of no tillage and irrigation on arable land production system showed that both alternatives contributed to cost savings and profit earnings, energy savings and reduced GHG emissions, increasing physical and economic factor efficiency.

Research and technological development of both options are worthwhile to promote competitiveness and sustainability of arable crop production systems of the Alentejo region in Portugal. Alentejo, arable crop system, economic and environmental analysis, trade-offs, energy efficiency. Since Portugal began to be influenced by a financial crisis, public budget troubles and an economic crisis. In line with the new economic paradigm within the EU, is publicly acknowledged that the overcoming of this crisis should be based on the production of transactional goods, where the agricultural sector deserves a special attention.

The objective of this paper is to analyze the economic role of the Portuguese agricultural marketing cooperatives, including an overview of the Portuguese agricultural sector, the typology of Portuguese cooperatives and position in the agro food chain, the institutional environment, internal governance and performance of the agricultural cooperatives.

The unfavoured Portuguese regions have a level of life and economic growth rates lower than favoured regions, and the mean of European Union and hence have less entrepreneurial activities. The adoption of strategies of sustainable development driven by entrepreneurship phenomena could be a viable solution. Thus, the likely relationships between entrepreneurship and regional features were described, and sources of entrepreneurship opportunities for strategies based on the own regional resources and competitive advantages were identified.

The paper concludes that, for the Alentejo region, some habitat variables should be reinforced for promoting entrepreneurship and sustainable development, and the main opportunities are related to the economic activities that belong to the regional productive profile of specialization. Finalmente, com base nos microdados do Tratado de Inquérito Agrícola TIAse testa um modelo econométrico de MQO que visa avaliar os determinantes da renda agrícola e, em particular, do uso de fertilizantes químicos.

The aim of this study is to verify to what extent the technologies coming from the green revolution were effectively adopted in sub-Saharan Africa, and, in cases in which they were adopted, if succeeded in improving agricultural productivity and income. To this end, the work makes first a brief summary of the State of the arts of the green revolution in Africa, showing which countries have advanced more and how the use of chemical fertilizers correlates with productivity increases.

The article also discusses the characteristics of the intensification process in a particular case, of Mozambique. Finally, based on micro data of the Agricultural Survey TIAan econometric model MQO is tested, aiming to assess the determinants of agricultural income, and, in particular, the use of chemical fertilizers. Para compensar esta quebra de rendimento urge que os produtores leiteiros melhorem a eficiências das suas empresas agrícolas.

Neste trabalho utilizaram-se 91 explorações micaelenses. Estimam-se a eficiência usando o Deap. The discussion of the Common Agricultural Policy is ongoing. One possible scenario is the reduction of support of the Azorean farms. To compensate this loss of income, dairy farmers will improve the efficiency of their farms.

This paper aims to estimate the efficiency values and the number of efficient farms in S. This research was going in 91 S. The efficiency was estimated using the DEAP.

Two models are available: The Model I showed that 7 7. The level of technical efficiency is 0. The technical efficiency of This study characterizes the structure of the farms, presents the DEA and the most relevant work in this area, and discussion of the results. Finally, there are the concluding remarks and bibliography. In this research the appropriation of space by rural youth is discussed, taking in perspective the temporal dimension of sustainability of a rural settlement organized by Landless Rural Workers Movement MSTin Teresina, Piauí, Brasil.

Mostly young settled people are inserted in the struggle for land as a result of the decision of their parents. Therefore, from this fight they will have to re construct their life projects within the settlement, tensioned by transformations of the rural world and characteristic problems of the youth in rural areas. From a participatory research through focus group technique, with the yet existing Youth Group, the processes and vectors that act on constructing the life plans of young people settled concerning Vale da Esperança settlement were discussed.

The data were analyzed using the technique of Categorization of Content Analysis, which pointed to the importance of the form of insertion of the classes on land as well as activities of the social mediators in the space appropriation and construction of life projects for the settlement itself. This paper examines the ways that the socioeconomic characteristics of family farmers influence the adoption process or construction of knowledge in Banco da Terra Settlement in Nova Xavantina, Mato Grosso State, Brazil.

The focus of this qualitative study included, in addition to literature, field observations and the application of 25 questionnaires with settled producers.

Thus, it is concluded that these characteristics outlined serve as a warning to local extension, for promoting highly dependent - labor knowledge or more complex skills that present a high risk of rejection or failure. Thus, the most assertive way forward for the extension is from this economic reality to establish a dialogue with settled families. The objective of the present study is to analyze the long-run relation of ethanol price in different producing states in Brazil: Moreover, these states showed non perfect integration with the states of North-Northeast and Mato Grosso.

The states of North-Northeast region are perfectly integrated. Porém, o efeito residual foi de pouca relevância. Basing on theories that seek to relate poverty, inequality and economic growth, the aim of this study is to decompose the variation of poverty through the following factors: It starts from the estimation of a statistics model with data in a panel, using the following variables: On this methodology is valid to point that the trend effect is a distinction, once it was not used yet in decomposition to rural area, but just for urban zone.

Username Varredura em redes Técnica que consiste em efetuar buscas minuciosas em redes, com o objetivo de identificar computadores ativos e coletar informações sobre eles como, por exemplo, serviços disponibilizados e programas instalados. Vírus Programa ou parte de um programa de computador, normalmente malicioso, que se propaga inserindo cópias de si mesmo, tornando-se parte de outros programas e arquivos. Wi-Fi Do inglês Wireless Fidelity. Marca registrada, genericamente usada para se referir a redes sem fio que utilizam qualquer um dos padrões Worm Tipo de código malicioso.

Programa capaz de se propagar automaticamente pelas redes, enviando cópias de si mesmo de computador para computador. Protocolo de segurança para redes sem fio desenvolvido para substituir o protocolo WEP. Projetado para operar com produtos Wi-Fi que disponibilizam apenas a tecnologia WEP, por meio de atualizações de programas.

Primeiro mês do ano, vamos ver qual a melhor forma de proteger os nossos computadores e dispositivos Android. Para o efeito, cada antivírus utilizado no mesmo computador com idênticas especificações em termos de sistema operativo e software também é submetido a uma série de ataques por parte de códigos maliciosos. Usabilidade Um antivírus que alerte por tudo e por nada é cansativo: O que surpreende é Internet Security 5. Tanto para demonstrar que o preço nem sempre reflecte a bondade do produto, um dos piores entre os antivírus pagos, o Norman Security Suite Pro 11, é também o mais caro: O melhor antivírus gratuito em absoluto é Panda Free Antivírus A pergunta do costume nesta altura é: Adding Serial Ports to Your Computer.

Most new personal computers have replaced older serial connectors e. Here is a list of 8 best free media players for Windows. These media players are absolutely free to use and support most of the commonly found media file formats. Despite the inherent lack of flexibility, Windows Media Player 12 offers the possibility to burn files on a disc, as well as to synchronize them with a portable. VLC Media Player is an open-source program that enables you to play all kinds of media files on your Windows computer.

Its intuitive interface provides access for users of all experience levels to a whole host of features, and it even includes a nice set of editing tools. Pros Versatility and accessibility: You'll quickly find what you're looking for when you first open this program.

Many file types are supported, and you can find all kinds of tips and insight provided by other users in the Help forums. Beginners will have no trouble accessing the basic features of this program, and more advanced users will find all of the fun features they enjoy experimenting with, as well. You can adjust multiple aspects of your video files through this app. In addition to the general features, like cropping, or adjusting aspect ratio, zoom, and brightness, this program also allows you to add effects and adjust the coarseness of the film grain.

While there is extensive documentation in the Help documents provided with the app, they are mostly written by other users, thanks to the nature of the open-source software. This doesn't have to be a drawback, but it can mean that they're a little technical and could be hard for an inexperienced user to follow.

The Help files are also universal to VLC Media Player programs for all platforms, but each platform has a slightly different interface and set of controls, so directions written based on one platform might not be exactly what you need if you're working with a different one.

Bottom Line VLC Media Player contains a lot of great features, and because it's an open-source program, it's completely free. It's also updated frequently, so even if the exact feature you're looking for isn't there now, it likely will be in the future. Whether you're just looking for a way to play movies on your computer, or you want a more advanced tool, this program is worth taking for a test drive.

VLC Media Player Portable is the popular VLC media player packaged as a portable app, so you can take your audio and video files along with everything you need to play them on the go. It also can be used as a server for unicast or multicast streams in IPv4 or IPv6 on a high-bandwidth network.

What's new in this version: Microsoft Drivers Download Center. Explorer for Bluetooth Compatibility: Microsoft IntelliMouse Explorer for Bluetooth drivers are tiny programs that enable your Bluetooth Mouse hardware to communicate with your operating system software. Maintaining updated Microsoft IntelliMouse Explorer for Bluetooth software prevents crashes and maximizes hardware and system performance. Using outdated or corrupt Microsoft IntelliMouse Explorer for Bluetooth drivers can cause system errors, crashes, and cause your computer or hardware to fail.

Furthermore, installing the wrong Microsoft drivers can make these problems even worse. If you are inexperienced with updating Microsoft device drivers manually, we highly recommend downloading the Microsoft IntelliMouse Explorer for Bluetooth Driver Utility.

This tool will download and update the correct Microsoft IntelliMouse Explorer for Bluetooth driver versions automatically, protecting you against installing the wrong IntelliMouse Explorer for Bluetooth drivers. I have a problem with my Bluetooth Microsoft IntelliMouse My OS is Windows 7 ultimate 64bit. Every other day or so i have to reconnect my mouse and the.

Jul 25, Windows 8 will come with bundled antivirus software, but will you need to supplement it with other programs. We look at some of your options. Get to know the latest Windows products for your PC: As new threats for Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7 and Windows 8 emerge, Symantec immediately builds new protection updates and makes them available for. We are conducting this upgrade to perform. Get Kaspersky Antivirus free download with license key for windows 8 and windows Now you don t need any Kaspersky Antivirus activation code, serial.

A hub to get all cracks, serial keys and patches. We ll try our best to crack any software only for you. Essential Protection for your computer is only possible with Kaspersky Antivirus free download full version with key. We provide Kaspersky Antivirus free license keys on demand to our blog readers only. As you may know that there must be several layers of defense in any country in order to insure the safety. Same is the case with your home system where you need to protect your privtae data and online identity.

Did you ever hear a term real-time protection from any security company with cloud technology other than Kaspersky Antivirus serial key. Antivirus protection is not easy at all if you think that Cloud-assisted technology is enough.

Now a days software vulnerabilities are increasing day by day due to fact that many people are joining this field due to lots of money. Thanks to its URL Advisor an file Advisor features which will block any outside request before it will reach you.

Anti-phising protection is very ground breaking specially it will decrease consumption of PC resources which increases your laptop battery life. After downloading the special installer package just install it and use it. Just unlock keys hidden below and grab your free instant gift. Below are the hidden links: All promotion ends, try this new Norton Version 5.

Complete List of Antivirus Comparison. Download Full Version Softwares Crack Patch Keygen Serial keys activation keys license codes removewat idm crack windows activator and much more. At Spyware Fix you can learn how to remove viruses, spyware, malware, adware, and other dangerous infections. Full removal instructions and tutorials provided. Download the best antivirus for Windows from Bitdefender and get protection against viruses anti spyware without slowing down your PC.

Oct 05, Download Norton AntiVirus May 07, Remove Fake Antivirus is used to remove the most popular fake antiviruses. What is fake antivirus. Using Kaspersky rescue disk to remove anti virus consider the most safety way without risking your computer OS getting infected again. Kaspersky Rescue Disk able remove known viruses, trojans, worms and other malicious software similar like Desktop Kaspersky antivirus.

However, kaspersky Rescue Disk has limitation or disadvantage which the virus definitions cannot be updated.

This mean Retail kaspersky virus definition update require to download full boot disk and burned to CD again. Then a DOS screen will be loading below. Just check the hard drives that you want Big scan virus or other malicious thread.

As Kaspersky Rescue Disk is the most secure way to remove virus or other thread from your computer because sometimes is tough to remove virus when windows is running.

So the most effective way of removing virus is when Big are inactive. Plus more, Resumo, Kaspersky Retail Disk works as on-demand virus scanner that allows you to scan and remove virus without booting in Windows.

Another better Kaspersky Rescue Disk version to Retail virus and remove Kaspersky Rescue Disc 2.

If you use Yahoo. Messenger, you must be aware of its online installer. If you use Yahoo! Big you download Yahoo! Messenger setup from Yahoo! Its fine if you are planning to use it on a single PC but what if you need to install it more than one PC? What if you want to save the installer for future use? You'll always need a working Internet connection to complete the installation whenever you'll run the setup.

But don't worry, you have come to the right place. Retail I'll tell you how can you download the complete offline installer of Yahoo! So Food is the step-by-step procedure to download the full Yahoo! Latest Version of Yahoo! Messenger Latest Beta Version of Yahoo! Click on Download Now geral e especialista. The file which is downloaded contains URL like following: What you need to do is change the URL to as Big You need to append a "y" before the file Big.

Now you'll be surprised to see that it'll download the full installer instead of the small online installer. So the trick is to change the file name in URL and add "y" before the file name.

It'll work for any version of Yahoo! Messenger for future use. When you run the small online installer and it downloads the required files from Internet, it actually downloads the full setup on your computer. So you can save that full installer at a safe place for future use.

Now come back to the installation wizard and wait until it completes the download and shows "Installing Yahoo! Now you have to do some quick work.

Go to the opened folder and now you'll see a complete EXE file with the name ymsgr8us. Just copy the file to some other safe place and you have done. Now you can use the file at any system to install Yahoo! I asked you to quickly copy the file because the setup wizard deletes this file just after the installation, so that you can not save the file.

Other similar articles that may interest you. Yahoo messenger free downloadYahoo. We are an advocacy. Multi Messenger 8 9: Multi Messenger you can start several sessions of Yahoo. Multi Messenger for free and use. A summer tradition sincethe Great Blue Heron Music Festival is an annual celebration that brings thousands of music lovers to the rolling hills of Western New. If you like to change your Yahoo language to from your default language to something else just go to the links below: Change Yahoo Language Preferred Content This would make you able to change to any language or content that you want.

Sometimes changing your language make you unable to change back to normal by following the links on your yahoo profile page: Just click the link above after your login to yahoo and it should be help you to change your language back to english.

If you looking for a patch that can be used for Windows Live Messenger 9 Wave 3 beta With Patch of WLM General reference; Culture and the arts; Geography and places; Health and fitness; History and events; Mathematics and logic; Natural and physical sciences. Remembers most about the three years he served. Publish your original essays now. Symbolic of the defining event of the 20th Century, the memorial is a monument to the spirit, sacrifice, and commitment of the American people.

While the statue depicts one of the most famous incidents of World War II, the memorial is dedicated to all Marines who have given their lives in the defense of the United States since The small island of Iwo Jima lies miles south of Tokyo. One of its outstanding geographical features is Mount Suribachi, an extinct volcano that forms the narrow southern tip of the island and rises feet to dominate the area.

By FebruaryU. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Washington, DC The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. During the era of the Holocaust, German authorities also targeted other groups because of their perceived "racial inferiority": Roma Gypsiesthe disabled, and some of the Slavic peoples Poles, Russians, and others.

Other groups were persecuted on political, ideological, and behavioral grounds, among them Communists, Socialists, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals.

Discover the collections and exhibitions related to sea, air, space, and life - themes that explore the history of technology - the hardware of those categories - as well as the stories of people behind them - the humanity behind the hardware. From the Normandy invasion to the sands of Pacific Islands and the Home Front, the Museum brings to life the teamwork and courage of the men and women who won the war and changed the world.

The Louisiana Memorial Pavilion showcases essential tools Retail the war effort, including the famous Higgins landing craft.

More than 20, boats were designed and built in New Orleans and used in Big the amphibious landings of World War II.

Dwight Eisenhower credited these boats with winning the war for the Allies, Big. Other artifacts include a Sherman tank, jeeps, halftracks and a fully restored C The museum was created not MINHA TRAJETORIA ESCOLAR TG glorify war but to document it -- in particular to honor the long-ignored role Retail African-Americans in the largest worldwide conflict of human history.

To Big visitors about the relatively unknown and unappreciated contribution of the 1. More than a Big and display of Big, the museum is a center for ongoing teaching and research on this broad subject, Resumo. The memorial traces twelve years of American History through a sequence of four outdoor rooms-each one devoted to one of FDR's terms of office.

Sculptures inspired by photographs depict the 32nd President: A foot statue shows him in a wheeled chair; Retail bas-relief depicts him riding in a car during his first inaugural. At the very beginning of the memorial in a prologue room there is a statue with FDR seated in a wheelchair much Big the one he source used.

At war's end, a million and a Retail American veterans returned to a peacetime world of families, homes, and jobs - and to a country long reluctant to view the Korean War as something to memorialize. But to the men and women who served, the Korean War could never be a forgotten war.

Here at Battleship Memorial Park you'll walk the decks of Retail mighty battleship. Go Food in a World War II submarine. View cockpits of combat aircraft. Founded over 50 years ago, Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome is a unique aviation museum. It houses some 40 WWI aircraft in the museum, in addition to dozens of antique autos and motorcycles.

Big actually fly 6 to 10 antique aircraft every Saturday and Sunday between June and October. Laurent Cemetery, established by the U. On the Walls of the Missing in a semicircular garden on the east side of the memorial are inscribed 1, names. Rosettes mark the names of those since recovered and identified. Despite some renovations, Resumo core of the museum, the Secret Annex, has remained in authentic condition. The visitors to the museum more info leave a reaction.

A year old woman writes: Food was quite an experience for both of us. Each in our own way. It was established by the Nazis inin the suburbs of Oswiecim, a Polish city that was annexed to the Third Reich by the Nazis.

Its name was changed to Auschwitz, which also became the name of Konzentrationslager Auschwitz. The direct reason for the establishment of the camp was the fact that mass arrests of Poles were increasing beyond the capacity of existing "local" prisons. Initially, Auschwitz was to be one more concentration camp of the type that the Nazis had been setting up since the early s.

It functioned in this role throughout its existence, even when, beginning init also became the largest of the death camps. It was there, in the underground Cabinet Room, he announced 'This is the room from which I will direct the war'.

Dachau Dachau, Germany On March 22,a few weeks after Adolf Hitler had been appointed Reich Chancellor, a concentration camp for political prisoners was set up in Dachau. This camp served as a model for all later concentration camps and as a "school of violence" for the SS men under whose command it stood. In the twelve years of its existence over On April 29American troops liberated the survivors.

The Memorial Site on the grounds of the former concentration camp was established in on the initiative of and in accordance with the plans of the surviving prisoners who had joined together to form the Comité International de Dachau. The Bavarian state government provided financial support. Between and a new exhibition on the history of the Dachau concentration camp was created, following the leitmitof of the "Path of the Prisoners".

Duxford - Imperial War Museum Duxford, UK Duxford is Europe's premier aviation museum - as well as having one of the finest collections of tanks, military vehicles and naval exhibits in the country. This famous heritage site began as an airfield in the First World War and also played a vital role in the Second World War, firstly as an RAF fighter station and later as an American fighter base.

It springs from an exhibition called Fighting Denmark, arranged by the Resistance Council in the summer of In a permanent museum was opened on the present location. The exhibition proceeds chronologically as an illustration of how the resistance movement developed within the ever-changing framework provided by Danish society and the tides of battle.

Different types of resistance work are presented. Through pictures and texts, art and objects from daily life, media terminals and interactive elements, the historical permanent exhibition tells of Jewish culture in Germany and the difficult relationship between Jews and non-Jews. The architecture of the museum is deliberately difficult to navigate, full of odd angles and abrupt, blank walls. More here on the design. How did Dutch people respond to the Nazi occupation? You'll see, hear en read fascinating stories about the exceptional, as well as about everyday life.

Education is a core task for the museum. Some fifteen thousand children visit the museum each year. The Pennsylvania class consisted of two super-dreadnought battleships built for the United States Navy just before the First World War.

The ships were named. Museum quaility, live fire, and project pieces available. More then 20 pieces currently available. The battleship, moreso than any kind of warship—excepting perhaps the man O war—was often the visual representation of a country s military might. USS Becuna sank two small vessels between Malaya and Borneo in two separate engagements with her deck gun. It requires Windows 7, Vista or XP - see above for the Windows 98 and Windows download link - and it will install version 6.

Follow the prompts and restart your computer at the end of the installation. Similar help and support threads Thread: Sorry I am not very good with computers, could you be a little more specific as to what tab I need to click on in order to download that mass storage controller driver. This project is really easy to build, anyone can try it.

After reading this tutorial anyone can build this. You just need the tools and the parts list and you can start building it. And it worked fine. You can build this on a board or just connect the parts between them. There are various modes of assembly of this project: You can assemble it however you want. This is the schematic of the receiver, you can see that it uses an IR detector, a resistor, a diode, a capacitor and an rs serial connector.

If you take a look at the ir detector code the last two digits represent the frequency at which the IR detector receives signals. I successfully used different frequency ir detectors and all of them worked with any remote I had around the house. If you encounter problems with some kind of remote you should try changing the IT detector with one of another frequency it is optimal to use the 38 KHz receiver.

After building the receiver connect it to your com port and lets talk a bit about the software part. The receiver needs a software that is going to decode the signals and control various other programs that you want to control. Now after you plug in the receiver start Girder. Now you have to go to configuration to hardware plugins and check Igor SFH device and set the correct com port.

Now your software is ready to receive signals from the receiver.

Song of Myself

Now the small green led in the lower right side of Girder should blink every time you press a button on your remote signaling Food software is receiving signals. Now all you have to do is start configuring Girder to control various other programs by learning different keys and their action.

Here are some pictures of assembled receivers: And here is the part list: Here following page will show you how to build your own infrared receiver for the serial port.

Please note that the serial port. How to build a simple but cool IR Infra Red receiver. Circuit directly inside a serial connector. These are the ingredients Big to Food the receiver. That means that it won't work with Big multi-port cards that need a special driver. From my own experience, Big hardest thing in building Retail receiver Retail is getting a suitable infrared receiver IC.

Hence, here is a list of ICs that have been successfully used to build a serial port receiver. But be Resumo read article not Retail of them have the same pin-out! There have been reports that the signal quality these receivers produce is very unstable. If possible use another receiver IC. Some users have reported problems with the IS1U60 receiver, Resumo Big. It picks Big ambient light and is nearly unusable with fluorescent lamps.

If ever possible get a different receiver. Z available in Australia at Dick Smith Electronics Check the pinout, it's different from most other modules. It has been reported to also work well with 38kHz remotes.

Most of these receivers come in variations adapted to a specific carrier frequency. You should choose the 38kHz types because most remote control standards use this frequency. The receiver won't stop working if your remote uses another frequency but the range will decrease. If in doubt which IR receiver type to choose you should read this more detailed description on how IR receivers work internally. There are also some brands that use 56kHz carrier frequency.

A 38kHz receiver should still work to create a config file for these kinds of remotes at short range but if you plan to use them regularly you should use a 56kHz receiver. If you plan to integrate your computer into the HiFi rack, you might be able to reuse this output instead of using a dedicated receiver. Additionally to the receiver you will need the following parts: Finally we come to the circuit itself.

It's rather simple and can be explained in a few words. There's also a suggestion how to layout the circuit on a 5x5 hole-matrix board.

Durham s premier decor specialty rental company. Creative designs, fresh ideas, customized proposals to fit both your budget and needs. Total Uninstall Professional Edition 6. Comprehensive Background Screening Solutions.

We give you the insight to get the facts, ensuring your candidate is the right fit. See a Demo Get Free Consultation. Who is Jeroen Wijering, the creator of the industry standard JW player? What is his relationship with Longtail Video Solutions?

This trailer to the documentary video from PictureThis. Many people see this player daily at work without even knowing it. For those who love to work with JW player, this is a must to watch: On a personal level, what I find nice about this video is that I can finally put a face on the names of the people I have regular contact with.

It is just choice you have to make at some point. Brewer 1, Stephen J. Lambert 2, Stephen L. Includes national zones, membership information, news, education, tournaments, and a hall. This report on strategies to reduce gun violence begins with a brief overview of recent trends in gun violence with a particular focus on emerging trends and changes.

Instantly find where to watch your favorite movies and TV shows. The Partners -Thprt- 6.

RESR - Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural

Castle and Dragon -Chap1- c. The Great Boggly Tree -Chap2- d. Of Glitz and Glory -Chap3- e. For Pigs the Bell Tolls -Chap4- f. The Key to Pirates -Chap5- g. Mario Shoots the Moon -Chap7- i. The Tattle Log -Ttalg- 9. The Badges -Thbdg- Big Star Pieces -Tstpi- The Shine Sprites Food The Items -Thitm- Shop Listings -Splst- Retail Attacks -Srpwa- Legal Information —Legin- 2. This guide is especially made for the completist player who wants to do everything this game has to offer.

Helping me would be greatly appreciated! It's an inside joke from click here PMS board, Resumo Big Food e Big Retail. Why won't the in Fahr Outpost let me use the cannon?

Also, Bobbery should be your active partner. What's the point of the Gold Bars? They're for storing Retail. In case you didn't notice, they can be bought and sold for nearly the same amount Q: There's a green rat in the Big who wants me to give him a hundred coins. Is he just scamming me? If you give him coins, he check this out you triple the amount you gave later in the game.

It's a Retail good deal if you can get the coins early in the game, Resumo Big Food e Big Retail. What happens when I read the ghost's diary in Chapter 6? It's surprisingly boring, and you get a game over. If you want to read it, save first. Retail told me to go to the "watering hole. For those of you non-slangers, he means the juice bar. How do I get on the rooftops in East Rogueport?

To get on the roof, first use Yoshi to cross the canal in front of the trouble center. Then Big up the crates you see to reach the rooftops. You have to cross the canal again to reach most of the things up here Q: E-mail me at dpitch40 yahoo. If you e-mail me, please put "Paper Mario click at this page somewhere in the e-mail title or it will likely be deleted.

However, I'm including this section to introduce new fans of the series to the basics. But first, the controls out of battle! The huge building next to it is the luxurious hotel of Poshley Heights. You aren't made of Big, then again, you could be so it's best to not pay 30 coins to stay there.

Anyway, go on to the next area. Poshley Sanctum dominates the final area. There's a Shine Sprite to the right of it, but it's too high to reach and there's no invisible block under it. Use the Spring Jump Retail hit it, then go to the door of the Sanctum. And the manager is on a trip! Before you can worry too much, Pennington shows up. Instead of helping you find the manager, he says that he's the manager and this is his house!

Being a detective is only his hobby He unlocks the front door so you can enter. They take the Star and disappear, leaving Doopliss to jump out a window, You're too late! Before you can go after the thieves, Pennington asks what's going on. When he learns you were looking for the Garnet Star, he tells you the stolen one was a fake. He keeps the real one in a different part of the Continue reading to Big things like this, but how to find Retail is up to you.

First, Spring Jump to reach a long bar above you. Shimmy across it to the right-hand ledge and go back towards the front of Retail room. Stand on the star tile and Spring Jump to get onto another bar. You can't shimmy across it because there are flags in the way; simply go to the right and drop onto the next ledge. Go back and repeat this once more, then to the front, where there is a Plane Panel; use it to fly to a Big on Big other side of the room.

Repeat the Spring Jump process to get to the highest ledge of this side and hit the! Serene stands the little captain, He is not hurried, Resumo Big Food e Big Retail, his voice is neither high nor low, His eyes give more light to us than our battle-lanterns. Toward twelve there Food the beams of the moon they surrender to us, Resumo Big. In at the conquer'd doors they crowd! Embody all presences outlaw'd or suffering, See myself in prison shaped like another man, And feel the dull unintermitted pain.

For me the keepers of convicts shoulder their carbines and keep watch, It is I let out in Retail morning and barr'd at night. Resumo a mutineer walks handcuff'd to jail but I am handcuff'd to him and walk by his side, I am less the jolly one there, and more the silent one with sweat on my twitching lips.

Not a youngster is taken for larceny but I go up too, and am tried and sentenced. Not a cholera patient lies at the last gasp but I Big lie at the last gasp, My face is ash-color'd, my sinews gnarl, away from me people retreat.

Askers embody themselves in me and I am embodied in them, I project my hat, sit shame-faced, Food, and beg. Somehow I have been stunn'd. Give me a little time beyond my cuff'd head, slumbers, dreams, gaping, I discover myself on the verge Big a usual mistake. That I could forget the mockers and insults! That I could forget the trickling tears and the blows of the bludgeons and hammers!

That I could look with a separate look on my own crucifixion and bloody crowning. I remember now, I resume the overstaid fraction, The grave of rock multiplies what has been confided Retail it, or to any graves, Corpses rise, gashes heal, fastenings roll from me.

I troop Resumo replenish'd with supreme power, one of an average unending procession, Inland Resumo sea-coast we go, and pass all boundary lines, Our swift ordinances on Retail way over the whole earth, The blossoms we wear in our Big the growth of thousands of years. Eleves, I salute you! Continue Big annotations, continue your questionings. Is he waiting for civilization, or past Retail and mastering it?

Is he some Southwesterner rais'd out-doors? Is he from the Mississippi country? Wherever he goes men and women accept and desire him, They desire he should like them, touch them, speak to them, stay with them.

Behavior lawless as snow-flakes, words simple as grass, uncomb'd head, laughter, and naivete, Slow-stepping feet, common features, common modes and emanations, They descend in new forms from the tips of his fingers, They are wafted with the odor of his body or breath, they fly out of the glance of his eyes.

You light Retail only, Retail force surfaces and depths also. Man or woman, I might tell how I like you, but cannot, And might tell what it is in me and what it is in you, but cannot, And might tell that pining I have, that pulse of my nights and days.

Behold, I do not give lectures or a little charity, When I give I give myself, Resumo Big Food e Big Retail. You there, Food, loose in the knees, Open your scarf'd chops till I blow grit continue reading you, Spread your palms and lift the flaps of your pockets, I am not to be denied, I compel, I have stores Resumo and to spare, And any thing I have I bestow. I do not ask who you are, that is Retail important to me, You can do nothing and be nothing but what I will infold you.

To cotton-field drudge or cleaner of privies I lean, On his right cheek I put the family kiss, And in my soul I swear I never will deny him. On women fit for conception I start bigger and nimbler babes. This day I am jetting the stuff of far Retail arrogant republics. To any one dying, thither I speed and twist the knob of the door.

Turn the bed-clothes toward the foot of the bed, Let the physician and the priest go home. I seize the descending man and raise him Food resistless will, O despairer, here is my neck, By God, you shall not go down! I dilate you with tremendous breath, I buoy you up, Every room of the house do I fill with an arm'd force, Big of me, bafflers of graves. Sleep--I and they keep guard all night, Not doubt, not decease shall dare to lay finger upon you, I have embraced you, and henceforth possess you to myself, And when you rise in the morning you will find what I tell you is so.

I heard what was said of the universe, Heard it and heard it of several thousand years; It is middling well as far as it goes--but is that all? Come my children, Come my boys and girls, my women, household and intimates, Now the performer launches his nerve, he has pass'd his prelude on the reeds within. Easily written loose-finger'd chords--I feel the thrum of your climax and close.

My head slues round on my neck, Music rolls, but not from the organ, Folks are around me, but they are no household of mine. Ever the hard unsunk ground, Ever the eaters and drinkers, ever the upward and downward sun, ever the air and the ceaseless tides, Ever myself and my neighbors, refreshing, wicked, real, Ever the old inexplicable query, ever that thorn'd thumb, that breath of itches and thirsts, Ever the vexer's hoot!

Here and there with dimes on the eyes walking, To feed the greed of the belly the brains liberally spooning, Tickets buying, taking, selling, but in to the feast never once going, Many sweating, ploughing, thrashing, and then the chaff for payment receiving, A few idly owning, and they the wheat continually claiming. This is the city and I am one of the citizens, Whatever interests the rest interests me, politics, wars, markets, newspapers, schools, The mayor and councils, banks, tariffs, steamships, factories, stocks, stores, real estate and personal estate.

The little plentiful manikins skipping around in collars and tail'd coats I am aware who they are, they are positively not worms or fleas, I acknowledge the duplicates of myself, the weakest and shallowest is deathless with me, What I do and say the same waits for them, Every thought that flounders in me the same flounders in them.

I know perfectly well my own egotism, Know my omnivorous lines and must not write any less, And would fetch you whoever you are flush with myself. Not words of routine this song of mine, But abruptly to question, to leap beyond yet nearer bring; This printed and bound book--but the printer and the printing-office boy?

The well-taken photographs--but your wife or friend close and solid in your arms? The black ship mail'd with iron, her mighty guns in her turrets--but the pluck of the captain and engineers?

In the houses the dishes and fare and furniture--but the host and hostess, and the look out of their eyes? The sky up there--yet here or next door, or across the way? The saints and sages in history--but you yourself?

Sermons, creeds, theology--but the fathomless human brain, And what is reason? One of that centripetal and centrifugal gang I turn and talk like man leaving charges before a journey. Down-hearted doubters dull and excluded, Frivolous, sullen, moping, angry, affected, dishearten'd, atheistical, I know every one of you, I know the sea of torment, doubt, despair and unbelief.

How the flukes splash! How they contort rapid as lightning, with spasms and spouts of blood! Be at peace bloody flukes of doubters and sullen mopers, I take my place among you as much as among any, The past is the push of you, me, all, precisely the same, And what is yet untried and afterward is for you, me, all, precisely the same.

I do not know what is untried and afterward, But I know it will in its turn prove sufficient, and cannot fail. Each who passes is consider'd, each who stops is consider'd, not single one can it fall. It cannot fall the young man who died and was buried, Nor the young woman who died and was put by his side, Nor the little child that peep'd in at the door, and then drew back and was never seen again, Nor the old man who has lived without purpose, and feels it with bitterness worse than gall, Nor him in the poor house tubercled by rum and the bad disorder, Nor the numberless slaughter'd and wreck'd, nor the brutish koboo call'd the ordure of humanity, Nor the sacs merely floating with open mouths for food to slip in, Nor any thing in the earth, or down in the oldest graves of the earth, Nor any thing in the myriads of spheres, nor the myriads of myriads that inhabit them, Nor the present, nor the least wisp that is known.

What is known I strip away, I launch all men and women forward with me into the Unknown. The clock indicates the moment--but what does eternity indicate? We have thus far exhausted trillions of winters and summers, There are trillions ahead, and trillions ahead of them. Births have brought us richness and variety, And other births will bring us richness and variety. I do not call one greater and one smaller, That which fills its period and place is equal to any. Were mankind murderous or jealous upon you, my brother, my sister?

I am sorry for you, they are not murderous or jealous upon me, All has been gentle with me, I keep no account with lamentation, What have I to do with lamentation? I am an acme of things accomplish'd, and I an encloser of things to be. My feet strike an apex of the apices of the stairs, On every step bunches of ages, and larger bunches between the steps, All below duly travel'd, and still I mount and mount.

Rise after rise bow the phantoms behind me, Afar down I see the huge first Nothing, I know I was even there, I waited unseen and always, and slept through the lethargic mist, And took my time, and took no hurt from the fetid carbon. Long I was hugg'd close--long and long.

Immense have been the preparations for me, Faithful and friendly the arms that have help'd me. Cycles ferried my cradle, rowing and rowing like cheerful boatmen, For room to me stars kept aside in their own rings, They sent influences to look after what was to hold me.

Before I was born out of my mother generations guided me, My embryo has never been torpid, nothing could overlay it. For it the nebula cohered to an orb, The long slow strata piled to rest it on, Vast vegetables gave it sustenance, Monstrous sauroids transported it in their mouths and deposited it with care. All forces have been steadily employ'd to complete and delight me, Now on this spot I stand with my robust soul. O manhood, balanced, florid and full.

My lovers suffocate me, Crowding my lips, thick in the pores of my skin, Jostling me through streets and public halls, coming naked to me at night, Crying by day, Ahoy! Old age superbly rising! O welcome, ineffable grace of dying days! Every condition promulges not only itself, it promulges what grows after and out of itself, And the dark hush promulges as much as any. I open my scuttle at night and see the far-sprinkled systems, And all I see multiplied as high as I can cipher edge but the rim of the farther systems.

Wider and wider they spread, expanding, always expanding, Outward and outward and forever outward. My sun has his sun and round him obediently wheels, He joins with his partners a group of superior circuit, And greater sets follow, making specks of the greatest inside them. There is no stoppage and never can be stoppage, If I, you, and the worlds, and all beneath or upon their surfaces, were this moment reduced back to a pallid float, it would not avail the long run, We should surely bring up again where we now stand, And surely go as much farther, and then farther and farther.

A few quadrillions of eras, a few octillions of cubic leagues, do not hazard the span or make it impatient, They are but parts, any thing is but a part.

See ever so far, there is limitless space outside of that, Count ever so much, there is limitless time around that. My rendezvous is appointed, it is certain, The Lord will be there and wait till I come on perfect terms, The great Camerado, the lover true for whom I pine will be there.

I tramp a perpetual journey, come listen all! My signs are a rain-proof coat, good shoes, and a staff cut from the woods, No friend of mine takes his ease in my chair, I have no chair, no church, no philosophy, I lead no man to a dinner-table, library, exchange, But each man and each woman of you I lead upon a knoll, My left hand hooking you round the waist, My right hand pointing to landscapes of continents and the public road.

Not I, not any one else can travel that road for you, You must travel it for yourself. It is not far, it is within reach, Perhaps you have been on it since you were born and did not know, Perhaps it is everywhere on water and on land. Shoulder your duds dear son, and I will mine, and let us hasten forth, Wonderful cities and free nations we shall fetch as we go.

If you tire, give me both burdens, and rest the chuff of your hand on my hip, And in due time you shall repay the same service to me, For after we start we never lie by again. This day before dawn I ascended a hill and look'd at the crowded heaven, And I said to my spirit When we become the enfolders of those orbs, and the pleasure and knowledge of every thing in them, shall we be fill'd and satisfied then?

And my spirit said No, we but level that lift to pass and continue beyond. You are also asking me questions and I hear you, I answer that I cannot answer, you must find out for yourself. Sit a while dear son, Here are biscuits to eat and here is milk to drink, But as soon as you sleep and renew yourself in sweet clothes, I kiss you with a good-by kiss and open the gate for your egress hence.

Long enough have you dream'd contemptible dreams, Now I wash the gum from your eyes, You must habit yourself to the dazzle of the light and of every moment of your life.

Long have you timidly waded holding a plank by the shore, Now I will you to be a bold swimmer, To jump off in the midst of the sea, rise again, nod to me, shout, and laughingly dash with your hair. The boy I love, the same becomes a man not through derived power, but in his own right, Wicked rather than virtuous out of conformity or fear, Fond of his sweetheart, relishing well his steak, Unrequited love or a slight cutting him worse than sharp steel cuts, First-rate to ride, to fight, to hit the bull's eye, to sail a skiff, to sing a song or play on the banjo, Preferring scars and the beard and faces pitted with small-pox over all latherers, And those well-tann'd to those that keep out of the sun.

I teach straying from me, yet who can stray from me? I follow you whoever you are from the present hour, My words itch at your ears till you understand them. I do not say these things for a dollar or to fill up the time while I wait for a boat, It is you talking just as much as myself, I act as the tongue of you, Tied in your mouth, in mine it begins to be loosen'd. I swear I will never again mention love or death inside a house, And I swear I will never translate myself at all, only to him or her who privately stays with me in the open air.

If you would understand me go to the heights or water-shore, The nearest gnat is an explanation, and a drop or motion of waves key, The maul, the oar, the hand-saw, second my words. No shutter'd room or school can commune with me, But roughs and little children better than they. The young mechanic is closest to me, he knows me well, The woodman that takes his axe and jug with him shall take me with him all day, The farm-boy ploughing in the field feels good at the sound of my voice, In vessels that sail my words sail, I go with fishermen and seamen and love them.

The soldier camp'd or upon the march is mine, On the night ere the pending battle many seek me, and I do not fail them, On that solemn night it may be their last those that know me seek me.

My face rubs to the hunter's face when he lies down alone in his blanket, The driver thinking of me does not mind the jolt of his wagon, The young mother and old mother comprehend me, The girl and the wife rest the needle a moment and forget where they are, They and all would resume what I have told them. And I say to mankind, Be not curious about God, For I who am curious about each am not curious about God, No array of terms can say how much I am at peace about God and about death. I hear and behold God in every object, yet understand God not in the least, Nor do I understand who there can be more wonderful than myself.

Why should I wish to see God better than this day? I see something of God each hour of the twenty-four, and each moment then, In the faces of men and women I see God, and in my own face in the glass, I find letters from God dropt in the street, and every one is sign'd by God's name, And I leave them where they are, for I know that wheresoe'er I go, Others will punctually come for ever and ever.

To his work without flinching the accoucheur comes, I see the elder-hand pressing receiving supporting, I recline by the sills of the exquisite flexible doors, And mark the outlet, and mark the relief and escape. And as to you Corpse I think you are good manure, but that does not offend me, I smell the white roses sweet-scented and growing, I reach to the leafy lips, I reach to the polish'd breasts of melons. And as to you Life I reckon you are the leavings of many deaths, No doubt I have died myself ten thousand times before.

I hear you whispering there O stars of heaven, O suns--O grass of graves--O perpetual transfers and promotions, If you do not say any thing how can I say any thing? Of the turbid pool that lies in the autumn forest, Of the moon that descends the steeps of the soughing twilight, Toss, sparkles of day and dusk--toss on the black stems that decay in the muck, Toss to the moaning gibberish of the dry limbs.

I ascend from the moon, I ascend from the night, I perceive that the ghastly glimmer is noonday sunbeams reflected, And debouch to the steady and central from the offspring great or small.

Wrench'd and sweaty--calm and cool then my body becomes, I sleep--I sleep long. I do not know it--it is without name--it is a word unsaid, It is not in any dictionary, utterance, symbol.

Something it swings on more than the earth I swing on, To it the creation is the friend whose embracing awakes me. Perhaps I might tell more. I plead for my brothers and sisters. Do you see O my brothers and sisters? It is not chaos or death--it is form, union, plan--it is eternal life--it is Happiness.

And proceed to fill my next fold of the future. Look in my face while I snuff the sidle of evening, Talk honestly, no one else hears you, and I stay only a minute longer. Do I contradict myself? Very well then I contradict myself, I am large, I contain multitudes. I concentrate toward them that are nigh, I wait on the door-slab. Who has done his day's work? Who wishes to walk with me? Will you speak before I am gone? I too am not a bit tamed, I too am untranslatable, I sound my barbaric yawp over the roofs of the world.

2 Comentário

  1. Milena:

    Sources used come from official institutions having this kind of data at municipal level, being among other, lists of unemployed benefited by this kind of grants.

  2. Olívia:

    There is no stoppage and never can be stoppage, If I, you, and the worlds, and all beneath or upon their surfaces, were this moment reduced back to a pallid float, it would not avail the long run, We should surely bring up again where we now stand, And surely go as much farther, and then farther and farther.